## How to Create a Bar Chart in SPSS

This tutorial will show you the quickest method to create a simple bar chart in the SPSS statistical package. Quick Steps Click Graphs -> Legacy Dialogs -> Bar Click Define Select the variable for which you wish to create a bar chart, and move it into the “Category Axis” box. Select “Titles” to add a … Read more

## How to Create a Pie Chart in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show you the easiest method to create a simple pie chart using the SPSS statistical package. Quick Steps Click Graphs -> Legacy Dialogs -> Pie Select “Summaries for groups of cases” Click Define Click “Reset” (recommended) Move the variable for which you are creating a pie chart into the “Define slices … Read more

## Calculate the Difference Between Two Dates in SPSS

In this quick tutorial, we’re going to look at how to compute the difference between two dates in SPSS. This is something you might want to do, for example, if you’ve got a pretest/posttest design, involving a therapeutic intervention at the pretest stage, and you want to see whether the length of time between the … Read more

## Test for Normality in SPSS

This quick tutorial will explain how to test whether sample data is normally distributed in the SPSS statistics package. It is a requirement of many parametric statistical tests – for example, the independent-samples t test – that data is normally distributed. There are a number of different ways to test this requirement. We’re going to … Read more

## Mann-Whitney U Test in SPSS, Including Interpretation

In this tutorial, we’ll look at how to conduct the Mann-Whitney U Test in SPSS, and also at how to interpret the result of the test. The Mann-Whitney U Test evaluates whether two samples are likely to originate from the same underlying population, and it tends to be used in situations where an independent-samples t … Read more

## How to Compute Difference Scores in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show you how to compute difference scores in SPSS, and save the results in a new variable. Perhaps the most common scenario for computing difference scores is where you’ve got a pre-test/post-test scenario, and you want to see how the dependent variable has changed between the two conditions (difference scores are … Read more

## Repeated-Measures ANOVA in SPSS, Including Interpretation

In this tutorial, we’ll look at how to perform a repeated-measures (or within-subjects) ANOVA in SPSS, and also at how to interpret the result. A repeated-measures ANOVA design is sometimes used to analyze data from a longitudinal study, where the requirement is to assess the effect of the passage of time on a particular variable. … Read more

## Rules for Naming Variables in SPSS

This quick tutorial details the rules for naming variables in the SPSS statistics package. SPSS allows you to rename variables either via its Variable View or by using syntax. There are a number of rules governing the naming of variables.   Rules & Best Practices for Naming Variables Names can be safely up to 32 … Read more

## How to Rename a Dataset in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show you how to rename a dataset in the SPSS statistics package. Quick Steps In the SPSS Data View, click File, then Rename Dataset… Type the new dataset name into the dialog box, following SPSS’s naming conventions Click OK   The Data The normal scenario for renaming a dataset is where … Read more

## How to Calculate the Median in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show how to calculate the median of a set of data in SPSS. Quick Steps Click Analyze -> Descriptive Statistics -> Frequencies Move the variable for which you wish to calculate the median into the right-hand column Click the Statistics button, select Median under Central Tendency, and then press Continue Click … Read more

## Frequency Distribution in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show you how to generate a frequency distribution table and histogram within SPSS. Quick Steps Click on Analyze -> Descriptive Statistics -> Frequencies Move the variable of interest into the right-hand column Click on the Chart button, select Histograms, and the press the Continue button Click OK to generate a frequency … Read more

## One Way ANOVA in SPSS Including Interpretation

In this tutorial, we’ll look at how to perform a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for independent groups in SPSS, and how to interpret the result using Tukey’s HSD. Quick Steps Click on Analyze -> Compare Means -> One-Way ANOVA Drag and drop your independent variable into the Factor box and dependent variable into the … Read more

## Interpreting Chi Square Results in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show you how to interpret the result of a chi square calculation you have performed in SPSS. The Result The tutorial starts from the assumption that you have already calculated the chi square (test of independence) statistic for your data set, and you want to know how to interpret the result … Read more

## Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Interpretation in SPSS

In this quick SPSS tutorial, we’ll look at how to calculate the Pearson correlation coefficient in SPSS, and how to interpret the result. Quick Steps Click on Analyze -> Correlate -> Bivariate Move the two variables you want to test over to the Variables box on the right Make sure Pearson is checked under Correlation … Read more

## How to Recode String Variables in SPSS

In this quick tutorial, we’re going to look at how to recode a string variable as a numeric variable in the SPSS statistics program. This is often done using the automatic recode functionality of SPSS, but in this case we’re going to do it manually because of the extra control we get. Quick Steps Click … Read more

## How to Select Cases in SPSS

In this tutorial, we’ll look at how to select cases in SPSS, and how to work with the resultant filtered data.   The Data The data we’re using for this tutorial comes from a hypothetical study that examines how long it takes people to fall asleep during a statistics lesson. The two variables we’re interested … Read more

## How to Do a One Sample T Test and Interpret the Result in SPSS

In this quick tutorial, we’ll explain how to do a one sample t test (or single sample t test) in SPSS, and also how to interpret the result. Quick Steps Analyze -> Compare Means -> One-Sample T Test Drag and drop the variable you want to test against the population mean into the Test Variable(s) … Read more

## Export Data from SPSS into a MySQL Database

In this tutorial, we’re going to see how to export data from SPSS into the MySQL database. If you want to follow along, you’re going to need the login details for your database, and also the IP address or domain name of the server on which it is hosted.   The Data As you can … Read more

## How to Generate Random Numbers in SPSS

This tutorial will show you how to generate random numbers in SPSS and also outline a couple of use cases for such a procedure.   The Data As a starting point, you should at least have an ID variable populated in the Data View of SPSS. The ID variable functions to identify the number of cases … Read more

## How to Move Columns in SPSS

This quick tutorial will show you how to reorder columns in the SPSS Data View. Quick Steps Select the entire column you want to move by click on its name at the top Drag the column to its new location   The Problem In a previous tutorial, we created a new variable to hold a … Read more