How to Import SPSS Data Sets into RStudio

In this tutorial, we show you a quick and simple way to import SPSS (.sav) data files into RStudio using the haven package.   Quick Steps Type install.packages(“tidyverse”) to install tidyverse packages Select Enter on your keyboard From the Environment tab, click Import Dataset -> From SPSS… Click Browse Browse to the SPSS data file … Read more

Report a Point-Biserial Correlation from SPSS in APA Style

In this tutorial we will show you how to report a point-biserial correlation from SPSS in APA style.  First, we will provide two templates that you can use to report your point-biserial correlation in APA style.  Then we will show you how to populate these templates using your SPSS output.  Finally, we will show you … Read more

Calculate and Interpret a Point-Biserial Correlation in SPSS

The point-biserial correlation is a special case of a Pearson correlation.  It measures the strength and direction of the relationship between a dichotomous variable (e.g., pass or fail) and a continuous variable (e.g., exam scores).  A dichotomous variable is a variable that has two values only, for example, male or female, pass or fail.  In … Read more

Chi-Square Goodness of Fit Test in SPSS

In this tutorial we will show you how to perform and interpret the chi-square goodness of fit test in SPSS.   Quick Steps Click Analyze -> Nonparametric Tests -> Legacy Dialogs -> Chi-square Move your categorical variable to the Test Variable List box. Under Expected Values: Ensure that the All categories equal option is checked OR Check the Values option and enter your … Read more

Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test in SPSS

In this quick tutorial, we will show you how to conduct and interpret a Wilcoxon signed-rank test in SPSS. Quick Steps Click Analyze -> Nonparametric tests -> Legacy Dialogs -> 2 Related samples… Click Reset (recommended). Move your first variable to the Variable1 cell of the Test Pairs box Move your second variable to the Variable2 … Read more

How to Create a Simple Line Graph in SPSS

In this tutorial, we show you the easiest way to create a simple line graph in SPSS. Quick Steps Click Graphs -> Line (in newer versions of SPSS) OR Click Graphs -> Legacy Dialogs -> Line (in older versions of SPSS) Ensure that Simple is selected. Under Data in Chart Are, select Values of individual cases Click Define … Read more

Report Spearman’s Correlation from SPSS in APA Style

In this tutorial we will show you how to report a Spearman’s rank order correlation from SPSS in APA style. We have included two templates for reporting your Spearman’s correlation here.  We will demonstrate how to populate these templates using the SPSS output from your own study.  In addition, at the end of the tutorial, … Read more

Can I Download SPSS Software for Free?

So, you want to use SPSS, IBM’s statistical software package, and you’re wondering whether you can download it for free? IBM offers a free 30-day trial of SPSS but, beyond that, you will normally have to pay for your license. Some academic institutions offer students, faculty and researchers free access to SPSS either via a … Read more

Calculate and Interpret Spearman’s Correlation in SPSS

Spearman’s rank order correlation is a non-parametric test that we use to measure the strength and direction of the relationship between two variables measured on an ordinal, interval, or ratio scale. In this tutorial, we explain when you should use Spearman’s correlation; and how to calculate and interpret it in SPSS. Quick Steps Click Analyze … Read more

How to Compute and Interpret Levene’s Test in SPSS

In this tutorial we show you how to compute and interpret Levene’s test for equality of variances in SPSS. Levene’s test assesses whether the variance of a dependent variable (e.g., exam scores) is equal for two or more groups (e.g., males and females).  Equality of variances is also known as homogeneity of variance and it … Read more

How to Create a Population Pyramid in SPSS

A population pyramid is a chart that allows us to visualize the distribution of a population by age and gender.  In this tutorial we will show you how to create a population pyramid in SPSS. Quick Steps Click Graphs -> Population Pyramid (in newer versions of SPSS) OR Click Graphs -> Legacy Dialogs -> Population Pyramid … Read more

How to Find the Mode in SPSS

In this quick tutorial, we’ll show you how to find the mode for one or more variables in SPSS. Quick Steps Click Analyze -> Descriptive Statistics -> Frequencies Click Reset (recommended) Move the variable(s) for which you want to calculate the mode to the Variable(s) box on the right Ensure that the Display frequency tables box is checked. Click Statistics … Read more

Zoom In on SPSS Files Using Print Preview

There is no “zoom in” button in the data, output and syntax windows of SPSS, but it is possible to zoom in on SPSS files using Print Preview. Quick Steps Open your data, output or syntax file in SPSS Click File -> Print Preview Click Zoom In   First open your data (.sav), output (.spv) or … Read more

Calculate Sample Size for a Pearson Correlation in SPSS

In this tutorial, we show you how to calculate a minimum sample size for a Pearson correlation coefficient using SPSS power analysis.  It is important to perform this calculation before you collect data for your study (although you may wish to carry out a pilot study beforehand).   Quick Steps Click Analyze -> Power Analysis … Read more

How to Report a One Way ANOVA from SPSS in APA Style

This tutorial shows you how to report a one way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) from SPSS in APA style.  First, we provide a template that you can use to report your one way ANOVA in APA style.  Then we show you how to populate this template using the SPSS output from your own ANOVA.  Finally, we … Read more

How to Format SPSS Tables in APA Style

Tables are used to organize numbers and/or text in columns and rows. Use tables (and charts) when doing so allows you to communicate your data more effectively than describing that data in the text. In this tutorial we show you how to format your SPSS tables in APA style.  We will do some of this … Read more